There are five types of MOBI Working Group Standards:

Business White Papers (WP)

MOBI Business White Papers are high-level business reviews that discuss issues and propose solutions to the world’s most pressing transportation challenges with consideration to ecosystem stakeholders, new strategies, emerging technologies, and global policies.

Use Cases and Business Requirements (UC)

MOBI Use Cases and Business Requirements documents describe pain points, stakeholder responsibilities, and high-level business requirements potential solutions must meet in order to resolve stakeholder needs. UCs also detail workflows for particular applications and are technology-agnostic.

Technical Specifications (TS)

MOBI Technical Specifications define recommended minimum interfaces between systems/modules and data specification exchanged in the process leading up to a reference implementation. This process allows independently developed systems to be interoperable.

Reference Implementation Architectures (RI)

MOBI Reference Implementation Architectures prescribe and recommend a solution architecture stakeholders can refer to when they deploy solutions, ensuring that stakeholder requirements described in TS and UC are met in the process. RIs are vendor-agnostic.

Value Chain Maps (VM)

MOBI Value Chain Maps analyze how stakeholders handle, leverage, and exchange data; assess how its value increases from upstream to downstream; and identify critical gaps, impediments, and bottlenecks in business automation.

Full access to White Papers and Use Cases and partial access to Technical Specifications and Reference Implementation Architectures is available below. Full access to Technical Specifications and Reference Implementation Architecture documents is reserved for MOBI members. If you are interested in becoming a member, please contact Grace Pulliam at or fill out our Membership Inquiry Form.

Before reading MOBI Standards, you might find it helpful to view the MOBI Glossary of Terms. The Glossary of Terms is a compilation of terms commonly found in MOBI Standards and their definitions.

MOBI Trusted Trip

MOBI Trusted Trip combines secure decentralized sovereign identity with trusted timestamped locations to enable marginal cost pricing for many new classes of smart mobility transactions such as urban road tolling, meter-free parking, congestion management, carbon and pollution taxing, usage-based insurance, and many other usage-based Mobility as a Service (MaaS) multimodal applications. Together, these new transactions will comprise a multi-trillion-dollar ecosystem that we call the New Economy of Movement.

1. MOBI Trusted Trip Credential: Business Requirements & Technical Specifications

The MTT Business Requirements & Technical Specifications introduces MTT as the key primitive of the New Economy of Movement and outlines the fundamental components and use cases of the MOBI Trusted Trip Verifiable Credential (MTTVC).

MOBI TT0001/TS/2021 — VERSION 1.0

MOBI Vehicle Identity (VID)

The VID working group aims to define a digital document that is a verifiable link to a specific vehicle, a minimum representation of that vehicle’s digital twin. MOBI VID contains key events in the life of a vehicle and can be used to establish existence, manage access control, and confirm ownership history.

VID White Paper

1. MOBI VID Business White Paper

The VID White Paper introduces a business review for the MOBI Vehicle Identity (VID) to accompany the standards created by the Vehicle Identity working group.

MOBI VID0001/WP/2019 — VERSION 2.0
VID Use Cases

2. MOBI VID II Use Cases and Business Requirements

The VID II UC extends VID I to data related to lifetime events and transfer of ownership, exploring two main use cases: vehicle registration and maintenance traceability.

MOBI VID0002/UC/2021 — VERSION 1.0
VID Tech Specs

3. MOBI VID I Technical Specifications

The VID I Technical Specification document specifies the first standard for Vehicle Identity (VID), which represents the principal digital foundation of future mobility.

MOBI VID0003/TS/2019 — VERSION 1.0
MOBI VID0004/RI/2021 Version 1.0

4. MOBI VID II Reference Implementation Architecture

The VID II Reference Implementation Architecture introduces a technical standard for selected VID-based use cases, describing repeated information flows that serve as building blocks for more complicated use cases.

MOBI VID0004/RI/2021 — VERSION 1.0

5. Vehicle/Parts Maintenance and Repair Sub-Wallet Use Case and Business Requirements

The Vehicle/Parts Maintenance and Repair Sub-Wallet Use Case and Business Requirements provides a business case, requirements, and ultimately a specification for the creation of a digital maintenance sub-wallet.

MOBI VID0005/UC/2023 — VERSION 1.0

MOBI Battery Initiative

MOBI is working with other ecosystem stakeholders such as the EU Commission and the Global Battery Alliance to create a comprehensive, CARB-compliant framework for an industry-wide secure data management system that can be used to improve the visibility and sustainability of the global battery value chain. Our aim is to facilitate seamless communication in production management, maintenance, safety, second and third life uses, and recycling, while meeting consumer and regulatory demands.

1. Battery State of Health (SOH) Business White Paper

The Battery SOH White Paper examines the state of the art for SOH tracking, outlines key uses for SOH tracking in business applications and regulatory compliance, and defines potential next steps for bringing SOH tracking applications to scale.

MOBI SOH0001/WP/2022 — VERSION 1.0

2. MOBI Battery Identification Number (BIN) Technical Specifications

The BIN Technical Specifications specifies the format, content, and physical requirements for a globally unique identity of battery packs, similar to the ISO VIN Standard.

MOBI BIN0003/TS/2022 — VERSION 1.0

3. Electric Vehicle Battery State of Health (SOH) Value Chain Map

The Electric Vehicle SOH Value Chain Map outlines various stakeholders engaged in collection, publication, uptake, and other activities related to the SOH information. It describes those activities along with interfaces by which stakeholders share data. 

MOBI SOH0003/VM/2023 — VERSION 1.1

Electric Vehicle Grid Integration (EVGI)

The EVGI working group aims to aid the increasing adoption of electric vehicles by creating interoperable systems for governments, utilities, and the mobility industry alike. These systems will enable a better way to manage the grid load, calculate carbon offsets, and generate carbon credits, facilitating the implementation of peer-to-peer services. The first standard defines the system and data requirements for three core use case areas: Vehicle to Grid (V2G), Peer to Peer (P2P), and Tokenized Carbon Credits (TCC).

MOBI EVGI0001/WP/2020 Version 1.1

1. EVGI Business White Paper

The EVGI White Paper covers the current state of affairs with regard to powering electric vehicles, the growth of decentralized renewable energy production, and carbon credit generation/trading. The WP explores key use cases in interoperable system applications and explains the role of the standard in aiding this development.

MOBI EVGI0001/WP/2020 — Version 1.1
EVGI Tech Specs

2. EVGI Technical Specifications

The EVGI Technical Specifications specifies the high-level system design, reference architecture, multi-party processes, and EVGI-specific data structures that are utilized throughout the ecosystem. The TS provides guidance toward the implementation of EVGI Standards, covering three primary use cases and their process flows.

MOBI EVGI0003/TS/2020 — Version 1.0

Connected Mobility Data Marketplace (CMDM)

The CMDM working group aims to enable a DLT-based data marketplace for all stakeholders of the mobility ecosystem — including OEMs, insurance providers, infrastructure operators, and others — to effectively share data with their business partners while complying with emerging regulatory and industry best practices for preserving data privacy and property rights. CMDM Standards provide a foundation for a multitude of applications, including but not limited to V2X data exchange, connected vehicle commerce, and sharing/monetizing AV driving data for better driving algorithms through machine learning.

CMDM White Paper

1. CMDM Business White Paper

The CMDM White Paper covers the current state of affairs with regard to mobility ecosystems and data exchange within the automotive industry. The WP explores key use cases in short, medium, and long-term time horizons, and explains the role of the standard to aid this development.

MOBI CMDM0001/WP/2021 — Version 1.0
CMDM Tech Specs

2. CMDM Technical Specifications

The CMDM Technical Specifications specifies the high-level system design, reference architecture, multi-party processes, and specific data structures that are utilized throughout the ecosystem. The TS provides guidance to implementation for the CMDM standard, covering three primary use cases and their process flows: Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V), Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2X), and Infrastructure-to-Infrastructure (X2X).

MOBI CMDM0002/TS/2021 — Version 1.0

Finance, Securitization, and Smart Contracts (FSSC)

The FSSC working group strives to improve accuracy and transparency, create operational efficiencies, minimize fraud risks, and save on costs and time in the execution of financings, including securitizations, for all entities in the financing lifecycle. The FSSC Standards leverage distributed ledger technologies to create a trust layer for transactions and data exchange within a shared digital ecosystem.

FSSC White Paper

1. FSSC Business White Paper

The FSSC White Paper provides an overview of a variety of use cases that were considered by the FSSC WG, including Dealer Floorplan Financing and Fractional Ownership of Mobility Assets. The Working Group considered both B2B (business-to-business) and B2C (business-to-consumer) use cases, and each section of this paper focuses on B2B and B2C use cases separately.

MOBI FSSC0001/WP/2021 — Version 1.0
FSSC Tech Specs

2. FSSC Technical Specifications

The FSSC Technical Specifications specifies high-level system design, reference architecture, multi-party processes, and FSSC-specific data that is used throughout the ecosystem. The TS prescribes a digital ecosystem where entities are able to securely authenticate each others’ identities, share data, and record transactions.

MOBI FSSC0002/TS/2021 — Version 1.0

Supply Chain (SC)

The SC working group assesses the value proposition of blockchain in mobility supply chain management for stakeholders of the procurement, logistics, and finance or accounting divisions, including Original Equipment Manufacturers, N-tier suppliers, and further business partners. The group aims to create interoperability standards to bring operational efficiencies and increased visibility through the N-tiers; enable provenance, tracking, and authenticity of parts and vehicles; and improve conflict resolution and settlement with distributed ledger technology (DLT).

SC Use Cases

1. SC Use Cases and Business Requirements

The SC UC describes the parts traceability problem by breaking down the current workflow into nuanced steps, specific steps in the workflow that can be enhanced/modified DLT/blockchain, and high-level business requirements to build an enhanced parts traceability solution.

MOBI SC0001/UC/2021 — Version 1.0
SC Reference Implementation

2. SC Reference Implementation Architecture

The SC RI focuses on standardized bilateral communication using extensive API calls, decentralized identity with blockchain/DLT as a trust anchor. The RI discusses the benefits and potential interplay of different blockchain setups, embedded into a system that provides a basic communication layer, and the role of privacy-enhancing technologies.

MOBI SC0002/RI/2021 — Version 1.0