Motivation Behind the Pilot

With the transportation industry producing 29% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2019 alone, it’s becoming increasingly clear that the current mobility paradigm, dominated by increasingly congested roadways and inefficient, high-emission vehicles, is not sustainable. As we strive to meet climate goals set by the Paris Agreement, public and private stakeholders alike must work together to identify effective, scalable, privacy-preserving solutions to reduce GHG emissions in every area of the mobility value chain.

It is essential to measure carbon emissions accurately, in an easily verifiable and trusted way, to build or apply the right tools policymakers, vehicle manufacturers, and service providers need to incentivize decarbonization at the tailpipe. However, the lack of a standardized solution means these efforts are fragmented across jurisdictional lines and ultimately not scalable.

In an effort to advance research and development for global emissions monitoring, the European Commission​​ is running a joint pilot with MOBI to scale mobiNET decentralized identity solutions and services for tracking CO2 emissions from 280+ million vehicles.

Learn more about Decentralized Identity solutions below in the Appendix.


 

What the Pilot Demonstrates

With trusted decentralized identities, connected entities such as vehicles, people, organizations, and devices can participate as independent economic agents in any number of transactions while preserving data privacy. Developing a standardized system for identity management is the first step in implementing accurate digital MRV (monitoring, reporting, and verifying) for GHG emissions to ensure that the emissions data can be trusted and therefore mitigated.

Currently there are no production ready decentralized solutions for vehicle identity management. Therefore, it is necessary for public and private stakeholders to collaborate in creating, adopting, and testing solutions to bring smarter, more sustainable mobility ecosystems to scale.

The Member State Vehicle Registration Authorities within each EU Member State record the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) along with Personally Identifying Information (PII), for example license number and residential information, within their national database (DB). MOBI VID (a vehicle’s digital twin based on the internationally accepted VIN) provides the necessary bridge to the physical asset that allows vehicle owners and users to manage access control, preserve data privacy, confirm ownership history, log key life events, and interact with the vehicle within the connected mobility ecosystem.

MOBI and the EU Commission are testing the performance and scalability of mobiNET — a protocol-agnostic, scalable digital infrastructure providing trusted, privacy-preserving, decentralized identity services — for transactions (exchange of value, goods, or data) between the EU Commission, 27 Member States’ Registration Authorities, and Connected Vehicles using MOBI decentralized identity solutions.

The initial test case is centered on demonstrating mobiNET trusted identity solutions for 280+ million vehicles, or more than a sixth of vehicles worldwide, for vehicle registration and regular emission reporting. Future phases may explore the use of Verifiable Credentials (VCs) to incentivize greener behavior on Citopia, a trustless decentralized platform for business automation. This pilot is expected to be completed within the first quarter of 2022. Learn more about mobiNET and Citopia — MOBI’s digital infrastructure for connected vehicle and IoT commerce — here.


 

Appendix: Decentralized Identity Solutions

Decentralized Identity and/or Self Sovereign Identity (SSI) is a new cryptographic technology that enables entities to assert ownership of their identity, where the identity remains private and not disclosed during transactions in decentralized ecosystems. 

Decentralized Identifiers (DIDs) are identifiable endpoints belonging to a SSI, and can be shared with the world. This includes documents, wallets, smart contracts, or programmable agents.

In a decentralized system, DIDs are embedded in Verifiable Credentials (or VCs). VCs may be created by trusted entities, such as government agencies, businesses, universities, or employers, and issued to a “holder” of the VC. If we think of the DID as a global ID, then VCs are like digital passports, or unique stamps which serve to attest to specific information about an entity associated with a specific DID.

A Digital Twin is a digital representation of a real-world entity or system. The implementation of a digital twin is an encapsulated software object or model that mirrors a unique physical object, process, organization, person, or other abstraction. SSI and DIDs are needed for digital twins to be trusted in decentralized ecosystems.

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